Table Of Contents:
- Drug screen
- 4 panel drug test
- What shows up on the 4-panel drug test?
- 4 panel drug test procedure
- How does the 4-panel drug test work?
- 4 panel vs 5-panel drug test
- Uses of a drug screen
- Types of the drug screen
- Saliva drug screen
- Hair testing
- Blood drug testing
- Urine drug screen
A drug screen, commonly known as a drug test, is the test using a collection of various samples like urine, blood, hair, or saliva from the body to detect the presence of a type of chemicals left inside the body due to drug consumption that comes under the particular test category.
Drug tests detect the performance-enhancing drugs used by athletes, such as HGH and Steroids as well as common substances of abuse. Many types of drug screening methods are available depending on the type of sample used.
4 Panel Drug Test
“Panel" refers to the specific group of drugs or substances that are included in the test itself. A 4 panel drug test kit is used to test for particular drugs or it can be customized. A 4-panel drug test is not as common as a 5 panel drug test in the workplace. It is cheaper and covers the most common drugs of abuse.
It is used by many businesses, employees, parens, athletes, contingent upon the circumstance and the number of medications evaluated, there are 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 panel drug tests available.
What shows up on a 4-panel drug test results?
The drugs that show up in the panel test are commonly abused street drugs. These are listed below:
These four drugs are categorized as permanent but can also be customized. These drugs are the most used by addicts due to their wide distribution.
Cocaine can be taken orally, injected, inhaled, and snorted. Cocaine (COC) is extracted from the leaves of the cocoa plant. The cocaine drug is a potent nervous system energizer just as a nearby sedative. A portion of the mental impacts prompted by the cocaine drug is joy, certainty, and a feeling of expanded energy joined by raised pulse, expansion of the students, fever, quakes, and sweating.
Ongoing ingestion of cocaine results in physiological dependence, which further encourages its abuse, a cascading cycle of dependence, abuse and arrests.
Benzoylecgonine is a key metabolite of cocaine and has a natural half-life of 5 to 8 hours, which is longer than that of the cocaine drug (0.5 to 1.5 hours) and can be, for the most part, recognized for 12 to 72 hours after the cocaine drug use or exposure. The level for this in a 4-panel cocaine drug test is 300 ng/ml of Benzoylecgonine.
MMJ can be ingested or smoked. The continued use or excess of cannabinoid can affect temperament and tangible discernments, produces loss of coordination, weakens short memory, and manifesting tension, neurosis, misery, disarray, fantasy, and expanded pulse.
Massive doses of cannabinoids could cause the improvement of resistances and physiological reliance and lead to mishandling. Resistance to the cardiovascular and psychotropic impacts of the MMJ medication can happen, and withdrawal condition produces anxiety, sleep deprivation, anorexia, and nausea. The level for this in a 4-panel MMJ drug test is 50 ng/ml.
Opiates cover an enormous assortment of medications, going from legal ones like fentanyl, codeine, and morphine, to illegal drugs like 6-MAM and opium. Opiates are regularly utilized by infusion, oral utilization, or even suppositories.
Methamphetamines can be smoked, grunted, infused, or taken orally. The Methamphetamine drug (MET) is the most famous alternative subsidiary of amphetamines. The methamphetamine drug discharges in the urine as amphetamine, oxidized derivatives, and deaminated derivatives. Notwithstanding, 10-40% of the methamphetamine drug is released unaltered. The methamphetamine drug is, for the most part, noticeable in the urine for 3 to 5 days after use. This 4-panel methamphetamine drug test is 1000 ng/ml of (+) methamphetamine.
4 Panel Urine Drug Test Procedure
To perform the 4 panel drug test. You will require an assortment cup and follow these steps:
- Collect urine from the individual to be tested for drugs in a dispensable assortment cup.
- If the assortment cup has a temperature strip, read it and ensure it is between the temperature range.
- Remove the base cap from the 4-panel drug test card to lower the medication test strips in the urine.
- AVOID passing the arrow when submerging the four board drug test card since this can flood the test and nullify the medication test card.
- Once every one of the C (control) zone lines shows up, you can peruse the main concerns in the T (test) area and record the readings.
How do 4-panel drug tests work?
Most panel drug tests are not difficult to use, frequently giving fast yet precise outcomes. It's pretty much as simple as providing a urine test in a cup and reading the results. Be that as it may, a few brands may require a couple of additional steps, for example, using a timer directing the test in precise temperatures and perusing the outcomes inside a specific time-frame.
Also, neglecting to follow the exacting steps could bring about incorrect readings, false positive, or false-negative outcomes. Despite the brand, make sure to peruse and adhere to the directions to acquire the best results.
Eliminate the testing cup from the fixed bundle, give the suitable measure of the urine in the cup, and permit the example to stay in the cup until a red tone appears in the "Result Ready" window. This takes under 5 minutes.
The most effective method to read a 4 panel drug test is comparatively more straightforward. For understanding the test results, two rose pink shading bands (in the C and T districts) are used to demonstrate a 'negative' result; 1 rose-pink bar in the C area shows a 'positive' effect; and if no band shows up or one rose-pink band shows up in the T region, it's considered "no outcome".
A positive outcome demonstrates that the medication or its results are available in the individual's system or body in perceivable sums. This finding proposes they have taken the drug as of late.
An adverse outcome demonstrates that the drug tried is absent or is absent in a sufficiently high amount to identify. It doesn't show that the individual has never utilized the drugs or won't utilize the pills later on.
An uncertain or no outcome implies the test was not practical. Labs may arrange the test again if results return as uncertain.
Note: Be sure to tell the testing supplier or your medical services supplier on the off chance that you are ingesting any physician recommended medications, over-the-counter medications since they may give you a positive outcome for certain unlawful medications. Additionally, you ought to keep away from food sources with poppy seeds, which can cause a positive result for narcotics.
4 Panel Drug Test vs 5 Panel Drug Screen
4 Panel Drug Screen
5 Panel Drug screen
Check 4 drugs simultaneously
Check 5 drugs simultaneously
Drugs - MMJ, opiates, cocaine, and methamphetamines
Drugs - MMJ, opiates, cocaine, PCP, and amphetamines
Used commonly for employment, athletes, and at crime scenes.
Used commonly for employment purposes or employers.
Uses of the Drug screen
Find out whether a person has recently consumed drugs or not. Its primary use is for:
- Sports organizations - to test athletes and professionals as they consume drugs for better performance.
- Employment - employees should be checked for drug consumption before hiring and on the job.
- Forensics use - drug screening is used as part of criminal cases investigation.
- Monitoring opioid - when prescribed for several health conditions, must test it for the amount taken.
Types of Drug Screen
The common substances tested in saliva drug screen include:
The common substances that be detected using the hair testing method:
- Oxycodone and oxymorphone
- Hydrocodone and hydromorphone
The common substances that can be detected using the blood testing method include,
- Ethyl alcohol
Most drugs and its metabolites can be detected using the blood testing method. Since blood testing is invasive and expensive, it is rarely used for drug testing.
The investigation can decide if an individual has utilized explicit medications in the previous few days or weeks, even after the impacts of drugs have worn off. Numerous variables influence the time that a test can distinguish a specific medication in the body. These variables include:
- Hydration levels
- The aridity of the urine
- How sometime in the past the individual took the medication
Depending on the type panel test (4-13), the results will come positive or negative for the drug tested.
Remember that employers are looking to protect you and other employees through pre-employment and random drug test.
Specialists, sports authorities, managers and employers may demand a drug screen for different reasons. These screens can check for a scope of medications, including pot, nicotine, barbiturates, and narcotics, like 6-MAM and methadone. A few drugs and its metabolites stay recognizable in the body longer than others. If an underlying outcome is positive, an individual may have to require a second test for affirmation.
A drug screen can rapidly and adequately recognize the presence of illicit drugs or doctor-prescribed drugs in the body. A positive result can affect various aspects of life like your job, your eligibility to play sports, and the outcome of a court case. Be aware of false positive drug test and understand your rights as an employer and an employee.
It is highly recommended that before you get drug tested, you learn about the type of drug test, why you are getting tested, and what the results will be used for. If you have questions about your drug test, you should talk to your health care provider or contact your employer that ordered the test.