What are the Different Panel Drug Tests? 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14 Panel Drug Tests

What are the Different Panel Drug Tests? 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14 Panel Drug Tests

Uritox

A drug-free workplace ensures a healthier working environment. It guarantees a safer working environment by reducing the risks and dangers of an employee under the influence of drugs. It discourages drug use and encourages the treatment and recovery of employees with a history of substance abuse.

A drug-free workplace increases the productivity and performance of the employees. When conducting a drug test, there are different panels of drug tests to choose from. Here "panel" refers to either a drug or a family of drugs included in a drug test. The panel ‘opioids’ can include oxycodone, methadone, propoxyphene, buprenorphine, and more.

A 13-panel drug test screens for thirteen of the most frequently abused prescription drugs and illicit drugs. A urine test is the most common way to perform a 13-panel drug test.

The choice of urine is primarily based on its familiarity and ease of administration. It's inexpensive and can be used to detect a wide range of drugs. Drugs and their metabolites also last in the urine for an extended period of time, significantly increasing the drug detection window.

Table Of Contents:

What are the different panel drug tests?

It is common to come across a standard 5-panel drug test in workplace drug-testing, which screens for five illicit drugs and sometimes alcohol. However, if you are concerned about the abuse of illicit drugs and other prescription drugs in the workplace, an extensive panel drug test may be the way to go. A more extensive panel drug test can help expand the scope of the test and the range of drugs tested. Here is a quick look at some of the different panel drug tests.

5-Panel Drug Test

The 5-panel drug test is the most common workplace drug testing standard. It is also the standard currently approved and recommended by the Department of Transport (DOT). A 5-panel drug test screens for marijuana, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), cocaine, and amphetamines.

6-Panel Drug Test

 A 6-panel drug test looks for marijuana, opiates, cocaine, amphetamines, methamphetamines, and benzodiazepines.

7-Panel Drug Test

 A 7-panel drug test looks for the presence of marijuana, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines.

8-Panel Drug Test

 An 8-panel drug test tests for marijuana, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), cocaine, amphetamines, methamphetamine, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines.

9-Panel Drug Test

 A 9-panel drug test tests for the presence of marijuana, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), cocaine, amphetamines, methamphetamine, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and methadone.

10-Panel Drug Test

 A 10-panel drug test typically tests for the presence of marijuana, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepine, methadone, methaqualone, and propoxyphene.

12-Panel Drug Test

 A standard 12-panel drug test is administered to test for marijuana, opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepine, methadone, methaqualone, propoxyphene, Ecstacy/MDA, and oxycodone. Check out the different Panel Drug Test Kits.

14-Panel Drug Test

The 14-Panel Urine Drug Test tests for everything a 12 panel drug tests for plus Tramadol and Demerol. These narcotics are generally available to the staff at hospitals and veterinarians. Anyone with access to these drugs should be tested. 

What is a 13-Panel Drug Test?

A 13-panel drug test is performed to detect the presence of 13 highly abused prescription and illicit drugs. A 13-panel drug test is performed for screening employees in safety-sensitive positions such as those operating heavy machinery and motor vehicles.  A 13-panel drug test typically screens for marijuana/ tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), opiates, phencyclidine (PCP), cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepine, methadone, methaqualone, propoxyphene, buprenorphine,  oxycodone, and tricyclic antidepressants (TCA).

A 13-panel drug testing involves a comprehensive analysis of a urine specimen to confirm the use of controlled substances included in the panel.  A urine test can lead to manipulation and contamination of the sample as it cannot be monitored. Urine adulteration, dilution, and substitution are common occurrences that many laboratories contend with.  Considering this, a 13-panel is best administered by a medical review officer for proper handling of the specimen, validation, and verification of the drug test results.

Drug detection window

Drugs, once ingested, are broken down into other smaller molecules or metabolites. A metabolite is a byproduct of metabolism in the body. Several drugs and metabolites remain in the urine even after the parent drug has been expelled. The presence of a drug metabolite significantly increases the drug detection window in the urine sample and provides a reliable indicator of the parent drug use. Drug detection window may vary according to the type and dose of the drug, type of sample used, and internal metabolism of an individual. 

Drug

Detection Window in Urine

Marijuana(THC),

11-Nor-9-carboxy-9-tetrahydrocannabinola(THC -COOH)- (Marijuana primary metabolite)

THC- 1-3 days 

THC-COOH- 5-7 days 

Cocaine,

Benzoylegonine(Cocaine primary metabolite)

Cocaine- 1 day

Benzoylegonine 2-4 days 

Amphetamines

48 hours

Opioids

Oxycodone 2-4days

Methadone 3 days

Propoxyphene- 6 hrs to 2 days 

Buprenorphine- up to 6 days 

Opiates

Morphine- 48-72 hrs

Codeine- 48 hrs

Barbiturates

1 day to 3 weeks depending on the type and dose of a Barbiturate

Benzodiazepines

Lorazepam- 3 days

Diazepam- 1 month

PCP

8 days

Methaqualone

72 hrs

TCA

5 days


Interpreting a 13-panel drug test result

A 13-panel drug test uses a simple urine screening procedure to provide a reliable estimate and accurate interpretation of the results. Test results can be obtained and interpreted on site, with results available within minutes.  With that said, most companies and workplaces will generally send the samples to a lab for analyzing the results. Drug test results can be positive, negative, or inconclusive.

Positive results

A positive result means that one or more of the panel drugs and their metabolites were detected at a particular concentration.

Negative results

A negative result means that the panel drugs weren’t detected at the cut-off concentration or a not present in a high enough quantity determined for the study.

Inconclusive results

An inconclusive result is an invalid test which suggests that the test was not successful in detecting the panel of drugs. In this case, labs may ask to repeat the test.

Summary

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) survey, 70% of illegal drug users are employed. This has led employers to enforce workplace drug policies for disciplining and discharging employees under the positive influence of controlled substances.  A 13-panel drug test offers a comprehensive method for testing some of the most abused drugs. Each drug has its detection window, which depends on the type and dose of the drug, sample, and individual metabolism.  Drug test results can be positive, negative, or inconclusive. Labs may check positive test results to confirm the detection of substances. However, individuals have the right to lab test their specimen for the second time if they hold the positive results to be false or inaccurate.

 



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