Cocaine Drug Facts

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Cocaine (COC) is one of the powerful and stimulant drugs made from the coca plant in South America. It is a serotonin/dopamine reuptake inhibitor that helps the body release the “feel-good” chemicals in the brain. It is used for medicinal purposes that include local anesthetics. It also helps shrink mucosa or mucous membranes and comes in three concentrations - 1%, 4%, and 10%. Medically, 1% and 4% concentrations are generally used for patients.

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But in some cases, the drug is abused by some people that they use without a medical prescription. According to a trusted source, nearly 14% of all Americans aged 12 and above have consumed cocaine either for medical reasons or for abuse. The United States government has listed Cocaine under the Schedule II of the Controlled Substances Act. Employers and hiring managers might use a standard 5 panel drug test for screening employees abusing cocaine.

Cocaine Abuse Symptoms

Cocaine is consumed either as a powder or mixed with water and injected into the veins or speed balling process. The most common intake is nasal intake. The abuse of cocaine leads to several consequences and symptoms.

  • Rapid pulse
  • Blood vessels get narrowed
  • Pupils get dilated
  • Insomnia
  • Nausea
  • Increase in body temperature
  • Increase in blood pressure
  • Heartbeat becomes irregular
  • Muscle weakness and tremors

Long Term Effects of Cocaine

If consumed long term, COC may lead to threatening consequences and lead to deadly diseases. Some of the long term effects of COC include

  1. Nose Bleeds
  2. Difficulty in Breathing
  3. Asthma
  4. Respiratory distress
  5. Cardiac arrest
  6. Reduced blood flow
  7. HIV and AIDS
  8. Hepatitis C
  9. Bloodborne diseases
  10. Tissue infections

Cocaine Detection

Drug Usage Amount

Detection Window

Greater than 100 ng/mL (Urine)

1 hr to 4 days

20 to 50 ng/mL (Saliva)

24 to 48 hours

Both Urine and Saliva drug tests can detect Cocaine in the bloodstream between 24 hours to 4 days based on the drug test, consumption, and usage frequency. At DrugTestPanels, we offer exclusive urine test kits and oral drug testing kits for personal and employer drug testing in bulk at discount rates.


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