Walmart Drug Policy: Everything We Know!

Walmart Drug Policy: Everything We Know!

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Table Of Contents:

Walmart is the biggest big-box retailer in the world. Walmart has operations in 27 countries with 11,443 stores in more than 4,700 locations. Walmart has become the go-to one-stop shop, offering products that range from grocery and entertainment to sporting goods, clothing, and crafts. The Bentonville, Arkansas-based company also holds majority stakes in different countries operating under 56 different names.

The brick-and-mortar giant owns Sam's Club, a chain of membership-only retail warehouses with over 600 outlets. Today, Walmart is the world's largest private employer with over 2.2 million employees, with nearly 1.5 million in the United States alone.

Walmart does not conduct pre-employment drug testing. However, you may be required to submit a drug test if you are offered a position and slated to be hired. Employees on the job may be periodically tested as a condition of continued employment if deemed suspicious or when there is reasonable ground to believe that an employee is under the influence of illicit substances.

Who will be tested and why?

A drug test is performed to detect the absence or presence of illicit drugs and the abuse of prescribed drugs. Drug testing in a private workplace is not prohibited or restricted under federal law unless it violates other legal provisions such as employee or applicant rights to privacy, dignity, and reputation.

Refusal to undertake a drug test on the part of the employee constitutes grounds for considering them equivalent to a positive test case. It may provide the employer with the justification to discipline the employee.

Federal law requires testing by employers in safety-sensitive industries such as transportation, aviation, the Department of Defense, and others. Walmart may choose to perform a drug test for assessing an employee for reasons that may include post-offer, random drug testing, follow-up testing, and post-incident testing.

If you are about to face your drug test and afraid of it, you may run through a series of home drug tests that could make you feel better during your Employer Drug Test. Make sure you choose the best home drug test kits for testing your urine

Walmart drug test and substances tested?

A urine test is the standard drug test performed at Walmart. Drugs and their metabolites last in the urine for a more extended time, significantly increasing the drug detection window. Urine testing is a non-invasive, easy, and cost-effective way of administering a drug test. Urine is the only specimen approved under federal law for the testing of safety-sensitive workers.

An initial immunoassay or Elisa test is performed on the collected urine to detect drugs and their metabolites. In the instance of a false positive, the sample is examined using the gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry (GC/MS) test. Testing may include alcohol and a host of other drugs of abuse and steroids such as amphetamines, opiates, cocaine, phencyclidine (PCP), etc.

Does Walmart drug test for Marijuana?

A total of 36 states have legalized medical marijuana in the United States. 18 U.S. states have already legalized recreational marijuana, making workplace drug testing for marijuana a highly complicated affair. Increasingly, companies are adjusting their drug screening programs to exclude marijuana from the list of illicit substances tested.

Recently, Arizona federal district court passed a judgment against Walmart for terminating an employee who had prescribed medical marijuana. In Whitmire v. Walmart, the court ruled that Walmart had not established evidence that the employee was impaired by marijuana at work. In the wake of changing marijuana laws, the online retail giant Amazon became the latest company to legalizing and decriminalizing marijuana to positions not regulated by the DOT (Department of Transportation) this year in June.

Competitive labor market, especially in the context of the pandemic, has led companies to opt-out of marijuana workplace drug testing. Many companies are going to the extreme by dropping pre-employment tests altogether to fill the slots due to the hiring shortages. The latest Gallup poll indicated that 68% of Americas back the measure to legalize marijuana illustrates the changing stance and public perception towards marijuana which many companies are likely to adopt.

The Takeaway

As part of its drug testing policy, Walmart expressly prohibits employees from reporting to work under the influence of illicit drugs or alcohol. Walmart’s policy also requires employees to submit to a drug test if they encounter a workplace injury requiring medical attention. Additionally, Walmart’s employees in warehouse workers and operations directly or indirectly regulated by the Department of Transportation (DOT) will be required to undergo a drug test mandated by federal law.

A urine test is the standard drug test at Walmart. Marijuana is included along with other substances such as opiates, Phencyclidine (PCP), COC, and amphetamines as prohibitory substances. However, changing marijuana laws and competitive labor market post-pandemic have added increasing complexity in the nature of workplace drug testing for marijuana.



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