Bathing salts or Synthetic cathinones are stimulants used to inhibit the neurotransmitters in the brain, specifically the dopamine-norepinephrine reuptake system. Bath salts are one of the most effective yet dangerous illicit drugs being abused in the United States. The drug effect is higher than that of MAMP. They are often sold on the streets as cheap alternatives for MAMP or COC.
Table Of Contents:
- What is in Bath Salts
- Effects of Bath Salts
- Bath Salts Detection
- Bath Salts Withdrawal Symptoms
- Treatment for Bath Salts Abuse
What is in Bath Salts?
The most common ingredients present in the Bath salts are methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), mephedrone, and pyrovalerone with significant amounts of MDPV. MDPV is a schedule I hallucinogenic substance with cathinone derivatives. It is related to methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). According to some trusted research, there has been an increase in dopamine levels 60 minutes after the intake of MDPV.
The DEA had listed MDPV and cathinone derivatives under Schedule I drugs, which are the main components of Bath salts. That means these substances cannot be sold under any circumstances, and doctors cannot medically prescribe them.
Effects of Bath Salts
MDMA and cathinone derivatives found in Bath salts are at least ten times more powerful than COC and MAMP. It may lead to threatening effects that include
- Intense excitement
- Abnormal concentration and wakefulness
- Increased sex drive
- State of restlessness and rush
Some other intense side effects include
- Increased heartbeat
- Cardiac arrest
- High BP
- Increase in Body temperature
- Dilation of pupils
- Constriction of blood vessels
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle pain
Overdose of Bath salts leads to severe behavioral and psychiatric effects, including
- Severe panic attack
- Delusion and confusion
- Acting violently.
Bath Salts Detection
Bath salts can remain in your body for more than 4 hours up to a maximum of 2 days (48 hours). Hallucinations, confusion, and other effects may continue for a prolonged time, even if the drug has worn off your body. Bath salts can get detected through urine, blood, and hair drug testing methods.
Bath Salts Withdrawal Symptoms
Even if you have stopped your bath salts abuse, you may face some withdrawal symptoms that may retain for weeks to months depending on the intensity of the drug taken. Some of the common withdrawal symptoms include
- Longingness or craving
- Insomnia or sleeplessness.
- Anxiety and depression.
- Delusion or hallucination.
Treatment for Bath Salts Abuse
- Initial assessment - First, the physician will analyze the amounts and the extent of abuse the individual is into bath salts and determine his physical and psychiatric evaluation and living conditions.
- Withdrawal Management Program - The physician will recommend a Withdrawal management program for the individual. There are no medications for withdrawal symptoms related to bath salts, and so, the individual needs the assistance of the management program for treatment.