Heroin Drug Facts

Heroin is an opioid drug extracted from the opium plants, especially from the seed pods in the southeast and southwest Asia, Mexico, and Columbia. Heroin produces a fast-reacting euphoric effect on the body, and hence it has greater chances of both psychological and physical dependency. Heroin is called by the street names - Big H, Thunder, Smack, Chiva, etc., and they appear in brown, white, and black (black tar heroin) colors.

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Heroin Abuse

Heroin is one of the most popular drugs among recreational users. A slight overdose or abuse of the drug may lead to harmful effects and consequences, even death. Repeated heroin usage may cause physiological and psychological changes that will lead to long-term neural and hormonal changes that are hard to reverse. The U.S Government has listed the drug under Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act.

Effects of Heroin Abuse

Short term effects

  • Dryness in mouth
  • Rough and patchy skin
  • Loss or numbness in motor organs
  • Insomnia
  • Nausea
  • Mild to severe itching
  • Confusion and aggression.
  • Lack of consciousness

Long term effects

  • Hypoxia
  • Insomnia
  • Collapse of veins and blood vessels due to repeated injection
  • Tissue damage for those who snort it through their nose
  • Infection
  • Abscesses
  • Diarrhea
  • Liver and Kidney Damage
  • Pneumonia or other lung diseases
  • Anxiety and Depression
  • Lack of sexual drive for men
  • Improper menstrual cycles for women

Treatment

Naloxone treatment would be the best binding way to treat heroin and other opioid addiction. Naloxone will bind to the brain receptors and remove the opioid receptors from the brain.

To prevent withdrawal symptoms, the FDA-approved lofexidine will be helpful to treat opioid withdrawal symptoms. For some abusers, a combination of buprenorphine and naloxone are used. They both have the same level of effectiveness

Detection of Heroin

Detection in ng/mL

Detection Window

200 ng/mL (Urine)

Maximum of 1 to 4 days

The drug can stay in your system for a maximum of 4 to 5 days after your last consumption. It can show in the urine even if the effects have worn off. If you are about to give a urine drug test, use home-based urine drug testing kits to know about the levels of heroin in your urine.

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